Research Studies and Articles

Sunset with mountains

Standards and Guidelines

International Academy of Clinical Thermology Quality Assurance Guidelines: Standards and Protocols in Clinical Thermographic Imaging
(Annual Review 2020 Edition.)

Case Studies

Breast Thermography

Body Thermography

Research Studies

Effectiveness of a Noninvasive Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging System in the Detection of Breast Cancer (Am J Surg. 2008 Oct ;196 (4):523-6)

Nondestructive Testing of the Human Breast: The Validity of Dynamic Stress Testing in Medical Infrared Breast Imaging (IEEE EMBS, 2004)

Infrared Imaging of the Breast: Initial Reappraisal Using High-Resolution Digital Technology in 100 Successive Cases of Stage I and II Breast Cancer (The Breast Journal. Vol. 4, No. 4, July/August 1998)

Breast Thermography and Cancer Risk Prediction (Cancer 45:51-56, 1980)

Efficacy of Computerized Infrared Imaging Analysis to Evaluate Mammographically Suspicious Lesions (AJR: 180:263-269. 2003)

Thermobiological Assessment of Benign and Malignant Breast Diseases (Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 147;861, 1983)

Advances in Medical Infrared Imaging (IEEE EMBS Journal, Vol. 21, No. 6, November/December 2002)

Relationship Between Microvessel Density and Thermographic Hot Areas in Breast Cancer (Surgery Today (2003) 33:243–248)

Manipulation of the Primary Breast Tumor and the Incidence of Sentinel Node Metastases from Invasive Breast Cancer (Abstract – Arch Surg. 2004;139:634-640.)

Quantification of Thermal Asymmetry: Part 1 Normal Values and Reproducibility (J Neurosurgery 69; 1988)

Quantification of Thermal Asymmetry: Part 2 Application in Low-Back Pain and Sciatica (Abstract – J Neurosurgery 69; 1988)

Thermography in Diagnosis of Radiculopathies (Clin J Pain 1989;5:249-253)

Thermal Symmetry of the Upper and Lower Extremities in Healthy Subjects (Abstract – Thermology International, 22(2):53-60, May 2012)

Thermal Symmetry of Skin Temperature: Normative Data of Normal Subjects in Taiwan (Abstract – Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei). 2001 Aug:64(80:459-68)

Estrogen and Breast Cancer

Influence of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Breast Cancer and Mammography in Health Postmenopausal Women (The Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Trial)

Estrogen as a Carcinogen (National Institutes of Health)

Endogenous Estrogens as Carcinogens Through Metabolic Activation (Abstract – J National Cancer Institute, No. 27, 67-73, 2000)

Estrogens as Endogenous Genotoxic Agents—DNA Adducts and Mutations (Abstract – J National Cancer Institute, No. 27, 75-94, 2000)

Tissue-Specific Synthesis and Oxidative Metabolism of Estrogens (Abstract – J National Cancer Institute, No. 27, 95-112, 2000)

Endocrine Disruptors and Human Health: Could Estrogenic Chemicals in Body Care Cosmetics Adversely Affect Breast Cancer Incidence in Women? (Abstract – J Appl Toxicol. 2004 May-Jun;24(3):167-76.)

The Role of Estrogen in The Initiation of Breast Cancer (J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2006 December; 102(1-5): 89–96.)

The Potential Benefit of Progesterone on Breast Cancer (Int J Fertil Womens Med. 1998 Nov-Dec;43(6):278-85)

Xenoestrogens and Breast Cancer (Environmental Health 2012, 11(Suppl 1):S8)

Etiology of Fibrocystic Breast Disease: Estrogen Dominance and Progesterone Deficiency (Int J Med Res Prof.2016; 2(3); 14-19.)

Estrogen Dominance, Fibrocysts, and Breast Cancer Risk (Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Jan;154(1):161-79.)

Estrogen and Breast Cancer Recurrence Risk (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008;17(3). March 2008)

Progesterone and Breast Cancer

The Effects of Progesterone on Breast Cancer Cells (Clinical Cancer Research. Vol 7, 2880-2886, September 2001)

Bioidentical vs. Synthetic Progesterone on Breast Cancer Risk Markers (Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. Vol 101, pages125–134 (2007))

Estrogen/Progesterone Interaction in Normal and Abnormal Breast Cells (Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1986;464:152-67)

Transdermal Estrogen and Progesterone’s Influence on the Breast Cell Cycle (Fertil Steril. 1995 Apr;63(4):785-91)

Synthetic and Non-Synthetic Progesterone in Relation to Breast Cancer Risk (J Steroid Biochem and Molecular Biology. Vol 97, Issue 5, Dec 2005: 441-450)

Progesterone Deficiency and Breast Cancer Risk (Cancer 33:1306-1312, 1974.)

Breast Cancer Incidence and Progesterone Deficiency (Amer J of Epidemiology, Vol 114, Issue 2, Aug 1981: 209–217.)

Progesterone Inhibits Growth and Induces Cell Death in Breast Cancer Cells (Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science, Vol. 28, No. 6: 360-369. (1998))

Progesterone Receptor: An Important Anti-Inflammatory Role in Breast Cancer (Mol Endocrinol. 2008 Aug; 22(8): 1812–1824.)

Transdermal Progesterone Therapy in the Treatment of Fibrocystic Breast Disease (Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2016, 6, 334-341)